Hebron is one of the oldest cities in the Middle East and one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. It is a city with a rich and varied history, having been home to many different peoples and cultures over the centuries. Approximately 3,000 years ago, Hebron became one of the main centers of the tribe of Judah. According to the Bible, God commanded the Jew David to go to Hebron, where he was anointed king and reigned in the city until the capture of Jerusalem, when the capital of the Kingdom of Israel was transferred to that city (II Samuel 2—).Jar-shaped stamps with Hebrew letters (LMLK stamps) dating back to 700 BC, E.
have been found in Hebron, indicating that it was one of the first places where Patriarch Abraham resided after his arrival in the land of Israel. A thousand years later, during the first Jewish revolt against the Romans, the city was the scene of intense fighting. In July 1855, Kamil and his army marched to Hebron, with representatives from the consulates of England, France and other Western countries as witnesses. Despite its poverty, the community managed, in 1807, to buy a plot of land of 5 dunams in which today the city's wholesale market is located and, after several years, the Waqf of Hebron recognized the sale. The Ministry of Housing and Construction has created the “Association for the Renewal of the Jewish Community of Hebron”, to carry out projects in the city.
Some scholars have suggested that this cyclopean wall is the reason why Hebron gained a reputation as a city originally built by (mythical) giants (sanaqim), although other scholars have offered a more prosaic suggestion that the original meaning of sanaq was not “giant” but a clan name, related to Amorreos. Clan ynq mentioned in the second millennium B. C.After two attempts by the kings of Judea Jehoiakim and Zedekiah to disassociate themselves from the Babylonian conquest, Nebuchadnezzar II completely destroyed the kingdom of Judah in 587 BC. C.
From a topographical point of view, the mound is not easily defensible, but it is located near a cultivation area and, more importantly, near a spring that until the Ottoman period was called “En Hebra” (spring of Hebron), although today it is called In Judeida (in Arabic, “the new spring”).In 1979, Levinger's wife led 30 Jewish women to take charge of the former Hadassah hospital, now Beit Hadassah, in the center of Hebron. Theodore (in the 6th century) finds an oak 4 Roman miles from Duplex Spelunca or Cave of Patriarchs and this cave 2 miles from Hebron. Therefore, according to historian Josephus Flavius and other historians of his time (Ptolemy and Strabo of Amesia), Hasmoneans converted cities and towns Idumea (area around Hebron and Beersheba) to Judaism. Some defend continuation settlement Hebron as way maintain Jewish heritage city while others suggest settlers should try live peace Arabs city and some even recommend total withdrawal all settlers from Hebron. Jews lived Hebron continuously during Byzantine Arab Mamluk Ottoman periods wasn't until 1929 city temporarily “free Jews” result Arab pogrom which 67 Jews killed rest forced flee. Hebron one holiest ancient cities Middle East site burial cave patriarchs matriarchs.
Only exception eighth-generation Hebronite Yaakov ben Shalom Ezra processed dairy products city blended well social landscape resided there under protection friends.