Hebron is one of the oldest cities in Israel, located about 18 miles southwest of Jerusalem. It was established in the early 18th century BC and was owned by Het's sons. Abraham, who lived there for a time, built an altar to God. In 1997, in accordance with the Hebron Agreement, Israel withdrew 80% of the city that had been handed over to the Palestinian Authority.
Both countries appointed military governors in the city, hoping to gain recognition from Hebron officials.At the same time, Egypt began importing cheap European glass, the diversion of the Hajj from Damascus through Transjordan eliminated Hebron as a stopping point and the Suez Canal (186) dispensed with the caravan trade. The remains of the ruined city of Tel Hebron are located on the outskirts of the new Jewish quarter of Tell Rumeide. About 700 years ago, the Muslim Mamluks conquered Hebron, declared it a mosque and banned Jews from entering, who were not allowed to pass the seventh step of a staircase outside the building.In 1870, a wealthy Turkish Jew, Haim Yisrael Romano, moved to Hebron and bought land on which his family built a large residence and a guest house, which was renamed Beit Romano. Jews lived in Hebron almost continuously during the Byzantine, Arab, Mamluk and Ottoman periods.
Sheikh Farid Khader heads the Ja'bari tribe, made up of about 35,000 people, which is considered to be one of the most important tribes in Hebron.After the creation of the State of Israel in 1948 and the invasion of Arab armies, Hebron was captured and occupied by the Jordanian Arab Legion. A mile or more northwest of Hebron is the famous MAMRE oak (which you see), or the oak of Abraham, near which the Russians have erected a hospice.In August 1929, under the blind surveillance of the British Mandate Police, Arab residents of Hebron massacred its small Jewish community. Hebron's own Jewish community was permanently re-established in April 1979 when a group of Jews from Kiryat Arba moved to Beit Hadassah. Therefore, Hebron became the inheritance of Caleb, son of Jephon Cenezite, to this day because he totally followed the Lord, the God of Israel.At the end of 8th century BC., settlement activity increased in Hebron and Negev area with dozens of new cities being created.
Today trails lead from bottom of valley where old city is located to Jewish quarter Tell Rumeide. Hebron contains many sites of Jewish religious and historical importance in addition to Tomb of Patriarchs and Matriarchs.